hello, and welcome to nhk "newsline." i'm ross mihara in tokyo. indonesians have cast ballots to choose their next president. the official results aren't in, but the two frontrunners have both claimed victory. the standoff is raising concerns of instability in the country. nhk world's jun yatsumoto reports. >> reporter: just a few hours after voting closed, joko widodo claimed victory in front of a large crowd.
election commission will take about two weeks to officially declare the results. and the new president will not take office until october. for now, both candidates are relying on independent, quick counts. the tallies are from sample votes cast around the country. outgoing president susilo bambang yudhoyono urged both sides to restrain themselves. he also asked not to allow their supporters to declare victory until the election commission announces the winner. during the campaign, 53-year-old joko, the governor of jakarta, kept a significant lead until a few months ago. supporters consider the self-made businessman the new guard because he does not have ties to indonesia's powerful families. 62-year-old prabowo, an ex-general and former son-in-law of the late president, caught up quickly in the campaign.
he picked up endorsements from many of the country's largest political parties. observers have characterized this election as a watershed moment in indonesia's democracy, but now some fear that the division over who will lead indonesia may cause confusion and instability across the country. jun yatsumoto, nhk world, jakarta. israeli air strikes on the palestinian controlled gaza strip have killed at least 28 people including children. rockets from gaza have also been fired at israeli cities. israel's large-scale offensive began on tuesday in retaliation for rocket attacks from gaza. the israeli military says it has bombed 550 sites in the territory, including homes of the leaders of the militant islamic group hamas.
on wednesday a funeral was held in a gaza town for a family of six, including a 16-year-old girl. a gaza health official says the air strikes have killed at least 43 people and injured more than 400. among the victims were women and children as well as hamas members. the israeli military says more than 70 rockets from gaza landed in israel on wednesday alone. rockets fired tuesday night hit tel aviv and other populated cities along the mediterranean coast and have even reached jerusalem. the israeli military is not likely to stop its offensive until it can push back the palestinian attacks. the united states and china have started high level talks. china urged the u.s. to respect its sovereign territory, and american leaders are demanding china act responsibly. the two-day strategic and economic dialogue opened in beijing, with secretary of state john kerry and treasury secretary jack lew heading the
u.s. delegation. in the opening speech, the chinese president said the pacific ocean has ample space to accommodate the two great nations. he said the two sides should strengthen trust through dialogue and seek to build a new model of super power relations. >> translator: we should treat each other equally and respect each other's sovereignty and territorial integrity and respect the powerful development each chooses. >> we welcome the emergence of the peaceful, stable, prosperous china that contributes to the stability and development of the region, and that chooses to play a responsible role in world affairs. >> kerry said that a new model of relations is not defined in words but in actions.
a japanese education company may have leaked personal information of over 20 million customers. the company suspects it was done by an insider not an employee. the corporation discovered the leak after customers complained of phone calls or direct mails from other firms, including those in the education sector. >> translator: we deeply apologize for the trouble we have caused to the people affected. >> the information includes names, addresses, birth states and telephone numbers of children and their parents who use the services.
the company said the database in question stores 20.7 million items of personal information. representatives said they found no information the leak involved credit card details, bank account numbers, or educational results. the corporation is owned by japan's largest provider of correspondence education for children. a foreign aircraft approaching japan's air space has been more from russia than china. a defense ministry report says japan scrambled air self-defense force intercepter aircraft against russia more than seven times the number last year. japan scrambled jets 104 times against chinese planes. the report says multiple russian
planes came close to japan almost every day in the three-month period. six russian bombers flew around japan almost simultaneously in april. in may and june, a chinese fighter jet flew within 30 meters of an sdf plane near the japan-china median line. japan launched a protest with china, describing the act as very dangerous. the defense ministry report says the number of scrambles totaled 340, the highest figure or 30 years. construction teams in okinawa are getting ready to build a u.s. marine corps base after many years of protests. but an environmental group is raising quells about the project's viability. the development could threaten an endangered species. >> reporter: futenma air station
has been a key base for u.s. forces in japan for decades. it's located in a central part of okinawa's main island. but people living nearby have been pushing for it to be moved. they say there's a constant roar of aircraft, and crimes by u.s. servicemen have fueled their anger. leaders in japan and the u.s. agreed to redraw the map of the american facilities in japan. they announced a plan to move the base to the less populated coastal area of henoko. but that plan has proven controversial. it requires construction teams to reclaim land, and some people have expressed concern about how that might affect the environment. at the center of the debate are
endangered marine mammals called dugong. they have been spotted in the area on many occasions. defense ministry officials claimed the project would have only a limited impact on the local ecosystem including the dugong. they pressed okinawa governor to approve the project. and late last year, he did with provisions to ensure the project won't affect animals living in the area. nakaima gave the green light to start the building of the base after years of debate. but big questions remain about the impact it will have on the environment. a conservation group held a news conference wednesday in tokyo. the chairman of the nature conservation society of japan says they've found evidence of the endangered mammal.
a survey in the spring turned up more than 110 new bite marks on sea plants in the area. >> translator: we can see how this coastal area is beneficial for the dugong's life. the government should conduct more research. >> reporter: after the animals feed, a unique mark is left behind on the sea plant. members of the group say that the dugong's marks have been detected over the years and have been increasing since may. they say this shows the coastal area must be a feeding ground for the animal. the group is going to call on the government to scrub the project and will investigate the area. central government officials are planning to conduct a coastal drilling service soon before starting work to reclaim the land of henoko.
noriko okada, nhk world. japanese politicians have been debating scrapping the country's nuclear reactors since the 2011 fukushima daiichi disaster. now prime minister shinzo abe says the country will push for a nuclear power generation as a key energy source. but storing the toxic radioactive waste from these facilities is still a challenge. in this edition of "nuclear watch," nhk looks at how officials plan to deal with this issue. >> reporter: located near japan's northern most point, this is a small dairy farm town. here, they are studying the
possibility of final disposal of radioactive waste. workers at the facility that opened in 2003 have dug 380 meters into the ground. researchers are looking into whether nuclear waste can be safely stored. japan's nuclear energy policy says spent nuclear fuel must be reprocessed and recycled as fuel. in reprocessing, workers extract the plutonium and uranium as recyclable substances, leaving behind highly toxic waste water. researchers mix that with heated glass and power the high-level radioactive waste into steel containers. each unit is 1.3 meters in height and 500 kilograms in weight. and they emit radiation at an extremely high level, enough to
kill a person within 20 seconds. >> translator: regardless of japan's nuclear energy policy, highly radioactive nuclear waste must be disposed of. we have to ensure that such waste does not harm the human environment. >> reporter: where i'm standing right now is 250 meters underneath the ground level. and as you can see, here is a research facility for the study of the disposal of high-level radioactive waste. the facility must be safe for an extremely long time, as experts say it takes 100,000 years for radioactive waste to become harmless. researchers here study the movement of geological strata and underground water. workers ha to pump up 120 tons
of underground water daily. they also assess the durability of materials around the nuclear waste units to ensure that radioactivity does not escape. this is an image of the underground storage facility. the two-by-three kilometer site has a capacity of 40,000 units. the total length of its tunnels is to be 270 kilometers. researchers hope to find out what impact an earthquake would have on the facility. they installed seismometers at the site and monitor tremors constantly. >> translator: radioactive waste stored here will have been processed into perfectly solid form so the glass units will
shake with the facility. this means an earthquake would not destroy them. >> reporter: for members of the country's most prestigious science association are voicing their concerns about deep repository systems. they say it's hard for japan to build a facility in the region that's prone to earthquakes and volcanic activity. they recommend that japanese leaders look for other technological developments to safely store waste. japan has 1,700 glass nuclear waste units. the number will rise to 27,000 if all spent fuel rods currently stored at the nuclear plants were processed. japanese leaders must decide where and how to safely store the waste.
researchers at horonobe plan to start an experiment using simulated waste units later this year. they say real nuclear waste will never be used here. the research agency and the local government agreed that radioactive materials will never be brought into the township. yoichiro tateiwa, nhk world. >> the idea of storing nuclear waste underground is debated around the globe. only finland and sweden have chosen construction sites for such facilities. four crippled reactors, a constant buildup of contaminated water, radioactive leaks threatening the environment. the people in charge of fukushima daiichi are struggling to control the plant. how will they stop the leaks and decommission the facilities? get the latest on the aftermath of the nuclear accident with in-depth reports and special features. nuclear watch, only on "newsline."
a japanese shipping firm is to use the arctic ocean as a regular route. mitsui o.s.k. lines plans to start transporting liquefied natural gas through the ocean in 2018 from russia. company executives say they'll join an lng project now under way in northern russia. they'll also set up a joint venture with a chinese firm to build three icebreaker tankers. lng will be shipped to europe year round and to asia during the summer. the shipping firm expects to deliver around 3 billion tons annually. a waterway through the arctic ocean is drawing high
expectations. the arctic route would reduce shipping time between asia and europe by about ten days compared to the suez canal route. the crisis in iraq pushed up crude oil prices. motorists in japan are now feeling the effects, as they dig deeper into their wallets when they fill up at the gas station. the latest data from the oil information center showed that as of monday, the average retail price of a liter of regular gasoline was up $1.67, the 11th straight weekly rise. analysts expect gas stations to continue passing on higher costs to consumers. car sales in india remain up beat. their total in june marked the first double digit rise in nearly two years. officials at the society of indian automobile manufacturers say nearly 219,000 passenger
cars were sold last month. that's up more than 11% from a year ago, and shows an increase for a second straight month. auto demand posted a sharp rebound, following eight months of declines amid an uncertain economic outlook and inflation. the society officials say consumer sentiment is picking up as people are optimistic about the economic policies of prime minister narendra modi's government that came to power in may. investors around the world are drawing on computers that can buy or sell a stock in a millionth of a second. about half of all deals in the u.s. are done by what's called high frequency trading. some people are calling the technology an unfair advantage. >> reporter: major stake holders who testified at a recent hearing on high frequency trading took conflicting positions on the position. >> it is one where with
increased transparency and exposure, everyone knows how the game works. but right now a lot of it is opaque. >> our equity markets are considered to be the most competitive in the world. >> reporter: what is the problem with high frequency trading? some say it might enable predatory trading. imagine investors who tried to make a large one-time purchase of a certain stock. to keep the price low, the investors buy through a broker that purchases a stock via several different stock exchanges and trading venues. but the purchases are not completed at the same time. the first purchase alerts predatory traders who have high speed computer servers and systems. they can figure out the demand and in a fraction of a second, can corner the market. as a result, investors must spend more to complete their purchase. a japanese canadian executive testified at the senate hearing.
he plays a key role in the best selling book about problems with high frequency trading. it was written by acclaimed author michael lewis. the book sparked heated debates on wall street. he founded a new training venue to help reform the markets and his company's trading platform prevents predators from exploiting the system. >> the market has to be fair and stable, and it has to be relatively simple so that the most people can get the most value from that market place. technology has delivered huge benefits, but those benefits have been dampened by the fact that the market has, in a way, disadvantaged certain people. >> reporter: not all high frequency trading strategies are bad for the market, but questions remain how to make the
system more fair. nhk world, new york. in tokyo, one out of every four trades is said to be high frequency. since april, government leaders in europe have been implementing restrictions on companies that use the practice. let's check on the market and wall street. we have the managing director of u.s. equity strategy from s&p equity iq has the details. >> the euro markets have bounced after digesting the happy tidings of new all-time highs brought about by a better than expected employment report in june u.s. markets remain low for the week.
for the day, all three equity markets started and closed in positive territory. encouraged by better than expected quarter results f for alcoa on expectations that second quarter earnings will be stronger than what was seen in q-1. in the end, the dow jones and s&p 500 climbed nearly one half of 1%, and the nasdaq rose. gold jumped by nearly 1% and wti oil prices fell by 1.25%. capital iq consensus estimates point to a second quarter increase of 6.5%, nearly twice the gain reported for the first quarter. 9 of 10 sectors are posting gains in the second quarter, led by energy and telecom and financials will be the sole decliner. as a result of the selloff
earlier in the week ahead of alcoa's positive showing, along with strong earnings advances expected for this quarter, 9 of the 10 sectors rose in price on the day led by a greater than 1% gain in consumer discretionary, along with a price increase for six more sectors. only the utilities group declined in price. tomorrow, jobless claim are also expected to come in at 315,000, the same as last week, while wholesale inventories likely rose 0.7% in may and sales gained 1%. i'm sam stovall at s&p capital iq. here's another look at the market figures.
every morning, investors turn their attention to asia. the tokyo market leads the way. and markets around the world follow. >> from the decisions that could change the course of an economy. >> to the companies at the forefront of change. >> up to the minute market reports. >> and analysis by specialists from around the world. >> get all the latest business news and insight every day, here on "newsline." let's check out the weather for the next three days.
4.6 billion years since its creation, the earth has continued to surprise us with its natural wonders. "great nature" a roller coaster ride in science and exploration in bold and beautiful settings around the world. >> today a visit to the largest river in the world, the amazon heading out for the mountain region of peru, more than 5,000 kilometers upstream from the mouth of the amazon river. ra